uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Are there common triggers of preterm deliveries?
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health.
Show others and affiliations
2001 (English)In: British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, ISSN 1470-0328, E-ISSN 1471-0528, Vol. 108, no 6, 598-604 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect(s) of transient events which are perceived as stressful on the inseption of preterm delivery.

DESIGN: A case-control study, with immature infants as cases and borderline term babies as controls.

SETTING: A teaching maternity hospital in Athens.

POPULATION: All infants born at less than 37 weeks of gestation, during a twelve-month period.

METHODS: Information was collected about maternal socio-demographic and lifestyle characteristics, clinical variables and stressful events occurring within two weeks prior to delivery.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Factors affecting the risk of preterm delivery.

RESULTS: Extreme prematurity (<33 weeks) is more common among younger (<25 years of age) and older (>29 years of age) women and is positively associated with parity, body mass index and smoking, whereas it is inversely associated with educational level, regular physical exercise and serious nausea/vomiting. After controlling for these factors, however, only coitus during the last weeks of pregnancy had a significant triggering effect on prematurity (P = 0.004, odds ratio 3.21, 95% CI 1.45 to 7.09 for very immature babies, and P = 0.04, OR = 2.20, 95% CI 1.03 to 4.70 for immature babies). On the contrary, several events perceived as stressful, such as illness of relatives or friends, husband's departure, loss of employment, were unrelated to the onset of premature labour.

CONCLUSIONS: Coitus during the last few weeks of pregnancy appears to increase the risk of preterm delivery, while a possible detrimental effect of physical exertion seems more limited. Stressful events should not receive undue attention as possible causes of preterm delivery.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 108, no 6, 598-604 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-214699PubMedID: 11426894OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-214699DiVA: diva2:685372
Available from: 2014-01-09 Created: 2014-01-09 Last updated: 2017-12-06

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

PubMed
By organisation
Department of Women's and Children's Health
In the same journal
British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Medical and Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

pubmed
urn-nbn
Total: 340 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf