Geodetic Mass Balance of Glaciers in the Central Brooks Range, Alaska, U.S.A., from 1970 to 2001
2013 (English)In: Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine research, ISSN 1523-0430, Vol. 45, no 1, 29-38 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Alaska's arctic glaciers have retreated and thinned during recent decades, and glaciers in the central Brooks Range are no exception. Digital elevation models (DEMs) reconstructed from topographic maps (from 1970 and 1973) were differenced from a 2001 interferometric synthetic aperture radar DEM to calculate the volume and mass changes of 107 glaciers covering 42 km2 (1970/1973) in the central Brooks Range, Alaska, U.S.A. For each glacier the 1970/1973 DEM was 3-D co-registered (horizontal and vertical) to maximize agreement between the non-glacierized terrains of both DEMs. Over the period 1970–2001, total ice volume loss was 0.69 ± 0.06 km3 corresponding to a mean (area-weighted) specific mass balance rate of -0.54 ± 0.05 m w.e. a-1 (± uncertainty). The arithmetic mean of all glaciers' specific mass balance rates was -0.47 ± 0.27 m w.e. a-1 (± 1 std. dev.). A value of -0.52 ± 0.36 m w.e. a-1 (± 1 std. dev.) was found when 3-D coregistration is performed over the entire domain instead of individually for each glacier, indicating the importance of proper co-registration. Glacier area, perimeter, boundary compactness, mean elevation, and mean slope were correlated with specific balance rates, suggesting that large, low-elevation, elongated and shallow sloped glaciers had more negative balance rates than small, high-elevation, circular, and steep glaciers. A subsample of 36 glaciers showed a mean area reduction of 26 ± 16% (±1 std. dev.) over ∼35 years.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 45, no 1, 29-38 p.
Research subject Physical Geography
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-214778DOI: 10.1657/1938-4246-45.1.29ISI: 000329533000004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-214778DiVA: diva2:685568