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Genusperspektiv på sjuksköterskestudenters examensarbeten vid Uppsala Universitet
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Sjuksköterskeyrket har sedan 1800-talet ansetts vara passande för endast kvinnor. Så sent som på 1900-talets mitt blev det accepterat för män att utöva yrket. Forskning visar att sjuksköterskeyrket fortfarande domineras av kvinnor och präglas av fördomar och stereotypa bilder med förutfattade meningar om vem sjuksköterskan är och hur en sjuksköterska ska vara.

Syfte: Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka vilken subjektsform sjuksköterskestudenter vid Uppsala Universitet använder vid benämning av sjuksköterskan i godkända examensarbeten, att analysera detta ur ett genusperspektiv samt att se om det har förändrats över tid.

Metod: Deskriptiv, kvantitativ och kvalitativ metod.

Resultat: I den kvantitativa analysen benämndes sjuksköterskan neutralt med yrkestitel i samtliga granskade examensarbeten. I åtta av 60 granskade examensarbeten användes benämningen “han/hon” och en neutral benämning med yrkestitel. I totalt 9 granskade examensarbeten gjorda 2009 benämndes sjuksköterskan som ”hon” och genom neutral benämning med yrkestitel, medan benämningen ”hon” aldrig användes i examensarbeten gjorda 2012. Benämningen ”han” och/eller ”hen” användes aldrig vid syftning på sjuksköterskan. I den kvalitativa analysen framkom att sjuksköterskan beskrevs som en ödmjuk, empatisk, förstående och vägledande person med kommunikativa förmågor.

Slutsats: En mer könsneutral benämning på sjuksköterskan har utvecklats under de senaste åren men stereotypa bilder om vem sjuksköterskan är och hur en sjuksköterska ska vara lever omotiverat kvar.

Abstract [en]

Background: The nursing profession has since the nineteenth-century been considered suitable for women only. As late as the mid 20th -century, it became accepted for men to practice the profession. Research shows that the nursing profession still is dominated by women and characterized by prejudices and stereotypes with preconceptions of whom and what a nurse should be.

Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate which subject nursing students at Uppsala University uses in their mention of the nurse in approved candidate theses, to analyze this from a gender perspective, and to see if it has changed over time.

Method: Descriptive, qualitative and quantitative method.

Results: In the quantitative analysis the nurse was referred to in neutral terms and / or through title in all audited candidate theses. In eight of 60 candidate theses the term “he/she” and a neutral appellation with the title was used. In a total of nine candidate theses from 2009, the nurse was called “she” and a neutral appellation with the title, while the same appellation of “she” never was used in candidate theses made in 2012. The term “he” or/and the Swedish neutral word “hen” were never used in allusion to the nurse. The qualitative analysis showed that the nurse was described as a humble, empathetic, understanding and guiding person with communicative skills.

Conclusion: A more gender-neutral term for the nurse has developed over time, but the image of the nurse lives on, unmotivated, with stereotypical notions of who and how the nurse should be.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 37 p.
Series
Annanserie
Keyword [en]
Gender perspective, Gender, Attitudes, Nursing students, Candidate theses
Keyword [sv]
Genusperspektiv, Genus, Förhållningssätt, Sjuksköterskestudenter, Examensarbete
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-215316OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-215316DiVA: diva2:686858
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-01-14 Created: 2014-01-13 Last updated: 2014-01-14Bibliographically approved

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