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Sjuksköterskors och undersköterskors uppfattningar om omvårdnadens innehåll och arbete: En intervjustudie
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Omvårdnad är ett ord som kan ha flera olika betydelser, det kan vara ett verb som något man utövar eller en synonym med kunskap som något som erhålls. Syfte: Syftet med studien var att beskriva vad sjuksköterskor och undersköterskor ansåg inbegripas av begreppet omvårdnad och “god omvårdnad” samt vad för arbetsuppgifter de olika yrkeskategorierna utförde inom ramen för omvårdnad. Metod:Individuella intervjuer av tre sjuksköterskor och fyra undersköterskor. Innehållet analyserades med hjälp av kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Fem teman och 21 kategorier framkom. Resultat: Respondenterna uttryckte att den basala omvårdnaden hade en central roll inom begreppet omvårdnad. Vid diskussion om vad god omvårdnad innebar framhävde de flesta att ett gott bemötande var avgörande, att utföra arbetsuppgifter med omtanke och respekt. Att bedriva personcentrerad vård ansågs även ge god omvårdnad. Förutom basal omvårdnad och bemötande framkom det att medicinsk teknik var en stor del av arbetet inom omvårdnaden och att samarbete var en viktig del. Det rådde få meningsskiljaktigheter angående sjuksköterskans respektive undersköterskans arbetsuppgifter. Slutsats: Sjuksköterskorna och undersköterskorna som intervjuats har till stor del en samlad bild utav vad begreppet omvårdnad innebär. Det fokuserades mest på basal omvårdnad och gott bemötande vilket båda är två viktiga och centrala delar inom omvårdnaden. Att det inte fanns många meningsskiljaktigheter mellan undersköterskorna och sjuksköterskan kan ses som ett resultat av en tydlig arbetsfördelning. 

Abstract [en]

Background: Nursing is a word that can have several meanings, it can be a verb or be synonymous with knowledge. Aim: The aim with this study was to describe what registered nurses (RN) and certified nursing assistant (CNA) perceived by the expressions nursing  and “qualitative nursing ” and what tasks at work these two different professions performed within the limits of nursing. Method: Qualitative interview study with individual interviews with three RN's and four CNA's. The content was analyzed through qualitative content analysis. Five themes and 21 categories arose. Results: The respondents expressed that the basal nursing care had a central role within the concept; nursing. At discussions about what good nursing meant, it was brought forth that a good interaction was decisive, to perform work related tasks with consideration and respect. To exercise person centered care was also considered to be good nursing. Besides basal nursing care and interactions it became apparent that medical technique is a big part of the job within nursing and that cooperation is an important part as well. There were few differences in opinions concerning RN respectively CNA job tasks. Conclusion: RN's and CNA's that were interviewed have the same general idea about what the concept nursing implies. It mainly focused on basal nursing care and good interactions, which were both considered as important parts within nursing. It can be seen that the lack of differences in opinion between CNA's and RN's is brought forth by a clear division of work between the two.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 27 p.
Keyword [en]
nursing, caring, qualitative nursing, registered nurse, certified nurse assistant, work tasks
Keyword [sv]
Omvårdnad, god omvårdnad, sjuksköterska, undersköterska, arbetsuppgifter
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-215464OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-215464DiVA: diva2:687378
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-01-14 Created: 2014-01-14 Last updated: 2014-01-14Bibliographically approved

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