The Role of a Sodium Ion Binding Site in the Allosteric Modulation of the A(2A) Adenosine G Protein-Coupled Receptor
2013 (English)In: Structure, ISSN 0969-2126, E-ISSN 1878-4186, Vol. 21, no 12, 2175-2185 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The function of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) can be modulated by a number of endogenous allosteric molecules. In this study, we used molecular dynamics, radioligand binding, and thermostability experiments to elucidate the role of the recently discovered sodium ion binding site in the allosteric modulation of the human A(2A) adenosine receptor, conserved among class A GPCRs. While the binding of antagonists and sodium ions to the receptor was noncompetitive in nature, the binding of agonists and sodium ions appears to require mutually exclusive conformational states of the receptor. Anniloride analogs can also bind to the sodium binding pocket, showing distinct patterns of agonist and antagonist modulation. These findings suggest that physiological concentrations of sodium ions affect functionally relevant conformational states of GPCRs and can help to design novel synthetic allosteric modulators or bitopic ligands exploiting the sodium ion binding pocket.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 21, no 12, 2175-2185 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-215921DOI: 10.1016/j.str.2013.09.020ISI: 000328914900011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-215921DiVA: diva2:689115