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Plasma hyaluronan and hemorheology in patients with septic shock: a clinical and experimental study
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care.
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2014 (English)In: Clinical hemorheology and microcirculation, ISSN 1386-0291, E-ISSN 1875-8622, Vol. 56, no 2, 133-144 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND

Total plasma hyaluronan concentration is increased in septic shock. High-molecular-weight hyaluronan has a high intrinsic viscosity. Excessive release of high-molecular-weight hyaluronan in sepsis may induce hyperviscosity.

METHODS

Plasma viscosity and the molecular size of plasma hyaluronan were determined in 20 patients with septic shock and in 20 healthy controls. Ex vivo, the effects of 0.4% and 0.047% high-molecular-weight hyaluronan 1560 kDa, 0.9% saline, and 6% hydroxy-ethyl-starch 130 kDa were compared to plasma and whole blood viscosity and red blood cell aggregation at a systemic hematocrit of 0.4, and at a microcirculatory hematocrit of 0.2.

RESULTS

Plasma viscosity and total plasma protein content were low in septic shock patients on days one and four of treatment. Hyaluronan concentration was 10-fold higher in sepsis on day 1. Molecular weight of hyaluronan was relatively low, mostly 50-500 kDa, and did not change significantly in sepsis. Ex vivo, 0.4% high-molecular-weight hyaluronan 1560 kDa increased blood viscosity but did not promote red blood cell aggregation. Dilutions of 6% hydroxyl-ethyl-starch 130 kDa and 0.047% high-molecular-weight hyaluronan 1560 kDa had comparable effects on blood viscosity and red blood cell aggregation.

CONCLUSIONS

Plasma viscosity of the septic patients remained low for four days despite markedly elevated concentration of relatively small-molecular-weight hyaluronan.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 56, no 2, 133-144 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-216188DOI: 10.3233/CH-131677ISI: 000333079700005PubMedID: 23380965OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-216188DiVA: diva2:689188
Available from: 2014-01-20 Created: 2014-01-20 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Tenhunen, Jyrki

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