Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Middle and Inner Ear After Intratympanic Injection of a Gadolinium-Containing Gel
2014 (English)In: Otology and Neurotology, ISSN 1531-7129, E-ISSN 1537-4505, Vol. 35, no 3, 526-532 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
To investigate the distribution and elimination of a gadolinium containing high viscosity formulation of sodium hyaluronan (HYA gel) after injection to the middle ear.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
The T1 contrast agent gadolinium-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid-bis methylamine (Gd-DTPA-BMA) was added to HYA gel and delivered to the middle ear of 13 albino guinea pigs by 3 different ways of injection. Magnetic resonance imaging was performed with a 4.7 T MRI system using a T1-weighted 3-dimentional rapid acquisition with relaxation enhancement sequence.
An injection technique where the Gd-DTPA-BMA-containing HYA gel was delivered to the middle ear through a percutaneous injection through the auditory bulla after a small incision had been made in the tympanic membrane gave the best filling of the middle ear, covering the cochlea and the region of the round window niche for 24 hours in a majority of the ears studied. Ears injected without an incision in the tympanic membrane showed an immediate uptake of Gd-DTPA-BMA in the inner ear as a sign of rupture of the round window membrane.
A percutaneous injection of a HYA gel into the tympanic bulla is distributed in a predictable way and gives a good filling of the middle ear cavity. The HYA gel remains in close vicinity to the RWM for more than 24 hours. Injection should be performed after an incision of the tympanic membrane has been made to prevent rupture of the round window membrane.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 35, no 3, 526-532 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-216226DOI: 10.1097/MAO.0b013e3182a5d14aISI: 000331732300028PubMedID: 24270726OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-216226DiVA: diva2:689281