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Acute neurosurgery for traumatic brain injury by general surgeons in Swedish county hospitals: A regional study
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Neurosurgery.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Neurosurgery.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Neurosurgery.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Neurosurgery.
2014 (English)In: Acta Neurochirurgica, ISSN 0001-6268, E-ISSN 0942-0940, Vol. 156, no 1, 177-185 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Traditionally acute life-saving evacuations of extracerebral haematomas are performed by general surgeons on vital indication in county hospitals in the Uppsala-A-rebro health care region in Sweden, a region characterized by long distances and a sparsely distributed population. Recently, it was stated in the guidelines for prehospital care of traumatic brain injury from the Scandinavian Neurosurgical Society that acute neurosurgery should not be performed in smaller hospitals without neurosurgical expertise. The aim of this study was to investigate: how often does acute decompressive neurosurgery occur in county hospitals in the Uppsala-A-rebro region today, what is the indication for surgery, and what is the clinical outcome? Finally, the goal was to evaluate whether the current practice in the Uppsala-A-rebro region should be revised. Patients referred to the neurointensive care unit at the Department of Neurosurgery in Uppsala after acute evacuation of intracranial haematomas in the county hospitals 2005-2010 were included in the study. Data was collected retrospectively from the medical records following a predefined protocol. The presence of vital indication, radiological and clinical results, and long-term outcome were evaluated. A total of 49 patients (17 epidural haematomas and 32 acute subdural haematomas) were included in the study. The operation was judged to have been performed on vital indication in all cases. The postoperative CT scan was improved in 92 % of the patients. The reaction level and pupillary reactions were significantly improved after surgery. Long-term outcomes showed 51 % favourable outcome, 33 % unfavourable outcome, and in 16 % the outcome was unknown. Looking at the indication for acute neurosurgery, the postoperative clinical and radiological results, and the long-term outcome, it appears that our regional policy regarding life-saving decompressive neurosurgery in county hospitals by general surgeons should not be changed. We suggest a curriculum aimed at educating general surgeons in acute neurosurgery.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 156, no 1, 177-185 p.
Keyword [en]
Traumatic brain injury, Acute subdural haematoma, Epidural haematoma, Acute neurosurgery, General surgeons, Local hospitals, Glasgow outcome score, Scandinavian guidelines
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-216721DOI: 10.1007/s00701-013-1932-5ISI: 000329093100027OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-216721DiVA: diva2:691229
Available from: 2014-01-27 Created: 2014-01-24 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Nyholm, LenaLewen, AndersEnblad, Per

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