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Länder som handlar med varandra krigar inte. Policyskapande, samarbetsformer och handelsmönster vid exportav svensk krigsmateriel, kopplat till EU-medlemskapet 1995.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economic History.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this thesis is to discuss the change in Swedish policy during the 1990s, after the introduction of the revalued views on the EU membership, and analyze its impact on the Swedish military arms export, with regards to international cooperation that followed in the era of globalization.

First, the current Swedish situation in terms of arms manufacturing and export, as well as the delegation of authority and the legislation applied to the field since 1992, will be examined. The general conclusion is that the legislature regulations are vague in their design, as well as outdated, as new concepts, terms and classifications are introduced. Moreover, the delegation of responsibility leads to an increase in the numbers of exports, which might be approved.

Next, the focus shifts to the conditions behind, and the justification of, the Swedish policy up to the EU membership and how the arms manufacture industry and export were shaped by this. Swedish neutrality and non-belligerent played a crucial role in how Sweden's integration with EFTA and EEC came to take shape and expression. Furthermore, these characteristics provide an explanation why Sweden decided to join the EU during the 90s.

The results indicate that the policy change and the Swedish EU membership have led to an increase in the numbers of the overall exports, and a significant increase in the exports of military equipment. But more importantly, the study demonstrates that this increase is formulating almost ten years after the membership entry, around 2003. The reasons behind this change might lie in the increased military involvement of the US in the Middle East and the increased and enhanced cooperation between European states regarding arms development and manufacturing. In addition, the existence of a very generic and universal code of conduct, that does not make the arms export considerably more restrictive, should be taken into consideration.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 41 p.
Keyword [en]
Policy change, Arms export, International cooperation, EU, EEC, EFTA, Integration, Security policy, Foreign policy, Trade policy, Neutrality
National Category
Economic History
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-217040OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-217040DiVA: diva2:691684
Available from: 2014-01-28 Created: 2014-01-28 Last updated: 2014-10-28Bibliographically approved

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