Codon-reading specificities of mitochondrial release factors and translation termination at non-standard stop codons
2013 (English)In: Nature Communications, ISSN 2041-1723, Vol. 4Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A key feature of mitochondrial translation is the reduced number of transfer RNAs and reassignment of codons. For human mitochondria, a major unresolved problem is how the set of stop codons are decoded by the release factors mtRF1a and mtRF1. Here we present three-dimensional structural models of human mtRF1a and mtRF1 based on their homology to bacterial RF1 in the codon recognition domain, and the strong conservation between mitochondrial and bacterial ribosomal RNA in the decoding region. Sequence changes in the less homologous mtRF1 appear to be correlated with specific features of the mitochondrial rRNA. Extensive computer simulations of the complexes with the ribosomal decoding site show that both mitochondrial factors have similar specificities and that neither reads the putative vertebrate stop codons AGA and AGG. Instead, we present a structural model for a mechanism by which the ICT1 protein causes termination by sensing the presence of these codons in the A-site of stalled ribosomes.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 4
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-217675DOI: 10.1038/ncomms3940ISI: 000329396700004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-217675DiVA: diva2:693768