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Development of a bioactive implant for repair and potential healing of cranial defects
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2014 (English)In: Journal of Neurosurgery, ISSN 0022-3085, E-ISSN 1933-0693, Vol. 120, no 1, 273-277 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The repair of complex craniofacial bone defects is challenging and a successful result is dependent on the size of the defect, quality of the soft tissue covering the defect, and choice of reconstruction method. The objective of this study was to develop a bioactive cranial implant that could provide a permanent reconstructive solution to the patient by stimulating bone healing of the defect. In this paper the authors report on the feasibility and clinical results of using such a newly developed device for the repair of a large traumatic and therapy-resistant cranial bone defect. The patient had undergone numerous attempts at repair, in which established methods had been tried without success. A mosaic-designed device was manufactured and implanted, comprising interconnected ceramic tiles with a defined calcium phosphate composition. The clinical outcome 30 months after surgery revealed a restored cranial vault without postoperative complications. Computed tomography demonstrated signs of bone ingrowth. Examination with combined 18F-fluoride PET and CT provided further evidence of bone healing of the cranial defect.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 120, no 1, 273-277 p.
Keyword [en]
cranial implant, calcium phosphate, bone, regeneration, surgical technique
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Engineering Science with specialization in Materials Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-217618DOI: 10.3171/2013.6.JNS1360ISI: 000329087900038OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-217618DiVA: diva2:694320
Available from: 2014-02-06 Created: 2014-02-04 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Bohlin, JanÅberg, JonasEngqvist, Håkan

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