Stem Cell Transplantation in Dorsal Root Injury
2014 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
After traumatic injuries to the brachial plexus there is a risk that one or more of the spinal roots are torn from the spinal cord, known as avulsion injury. This often leads to paralysis and chronic pain, notoriously difficult to treat with current pharmacotherapy. Surgical treatment may improve motor function but sensory recovery is usually poor as sensory axons fail to establish functional connections inside the spinal cord. The aims of this thesis were to develop a model for dorsal root avulsion in rodents in order to investigate the potentials of stem cell therapy for enhancing sensory regeneration after spinal root avulsion. Two different types of stem cells, embryonic and neural crest stem cells, have been transplanted to the avulsion model and analysed using immunohistochemical methods. The results indicate that stem cells survive after transplantation to the avulsed dorsal root and associate with regenerating axons. Furthermore, the different stem cells display different phenotypes after transplantation where embryonic stem cells give rise to neurons located outside the spinal cord that could serve as projection neurons whereas the neural crest stem cells form elongated tubes outlining the avulsed dorsal root and are associated with regenerating neuronal fibers. We have also discovered that the neural crest stem cells migrate into the damaged spinal cord as single cells. The neural crest stem cells also display a diversity in generating both neuronal and glial cells that may have different beneficial effects in neural repair following dorsal root avulsion. To improve the survival of stem cell transplants, the potentials of co-transplanting embryonic stem cells together with nanoparticle delivered growth factor mimetics has been investigated. The results indicate that nanoparticle delivered growth factors improve both transplant survival and maturation in comparison to untreated controls and may be a promising strategy in stem cell transplantation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Institutionen för neurovetenskap , 2014. , x+46 p.
Sensory Neuron, Regeneration, Spinal Root, Stem Cell
Research subject Neuroscience
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-218686OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-218686DiVA: diva2:696547
2014-03-18, BMC A7:115, Husargatan 3, Uppsala, 10:00 (English)
Nordström, Karin, DocentAndäng, Michael, DrRisling, Mårten, Professor
Kozlova, Elena, DocentMarklund, Niklas, Docent
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