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On Bayesian channel estimation and FFT-based symbol detection in MIMO underwater acoustic communications
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2014 (English)In: IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering, ISSN 0364-9059, Vol. 39, no 1, 59-73 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Reliable channel estimation and effective interference cancellation are essential for enhancing the performance of multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) underwater acoustic communication (UAC) systems. In this paper, an efficient user-parameter-free Bayesian approach, referred to as sparse learning via iterative minimization (SLIM), is presented. SLIM provides good channel estimation performance along with reduced computational complexity compared to iterative adaptive approach (IAA). Moreover, RELAX-BLAST, which is a linear minimum mean-squared error (MMSE)-based symbol detection scheme, is implemented efficiently by making use of the conjugate gradient (CG) method and diagonalization properties of circulant matrices. The proposed algorithm requires only simple fast Fourier transform (FFT) operations and facilitates parallel implementations. These MIMO UAC techniques are evaluated using both simulated and in-water experimental examples. The 2008 Surface Processes and Acoustic Communications Experiment (SPACE08) experimental results show that the proposed MIMO UAC schemes can enjoy almost error-free performance even under severe ocean environments.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 39, no 1, 59-73 p.
Keyword [en]
Circulant matrices, conjugate gradient (CG), multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO), RELAX-BLAST, sparse learning via iterative minimization, underwater acoustic communications (UAC)
National Category
Signal Processing
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-218961DOI: 10.1109/JOE.2012.2234893ISI: 000329986700007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-218961DiVA: diva2:698172
Available from: 2014-01-09 Created: 2014-02-20 Last updated: 2014-02-20Bibliographically approved

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Lundberg Nordenvaad, Magnus
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Division of Systems and ControlAutomatic control
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