Relationship between auroral substorm and ion upflow in the nightside polar ionosphere
2013 (English)In: J GEOPHYS RES-SPACE, ISSN 2169-9380, Vol. 118, no 11, 7426-7437 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We investigated ionospheric ion upflow during an auroral substorm using simultaneous European Incoherent Scatter radar and IMAGE satellite data. Approximately 6 min after an initial brightening identified with data from the IMAGE wideband imaging camera instrument, ion upflow was seen and the electron temperature became enhanced, too. The ion upflow, with a velocity of about 150 m/s, and the electron temperature enhancement lasted for about 25 min. During the poleward expansion phase, surges of large upward ion velocity and flux, and high ion and electron temperatures occurred over Longyearbyen. The upward ion flux reached 2x10(14) m(-2)s(-1). Naturally enhanced ion-acoustic lines (NEIALs) were seen near the poleward edge of the expanded auroral oval both near the end of expansion phase 17 min after onset and also later in the recovery phase. The NEIALs seemed to be accompanied by another type of enhanced echoes, obliquely to the local geomagnetic field. Data from the Low Energy Neutral Atom instrument on the IMAGE satellite show that energetic neutral oxygen reaches the IMAGE satellite about 40 min after the initial brightening, and oxygen continues to get detected during the recovery phase. We propose that ion upflow at the poleward edge of the auroral oval during the expansion phase is related to ion/neutral outflow with energy below 18-27 eV, whereas during the recovery phase of a substorm upward ions are accelerated up to about 60 eV and flow out in the entire polar region.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 118, no 11, 7426-7437 p.
ion outflow, EISCAT, IMAGE, substorm
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-219172DOI: 10.1002/2013JA018965ISI: 000329992900053OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-219172DiVA: diva2:699097