Systemic treatment with CAR-engineered T cells against PSCA delays subcutaneous tumor growth and prolongs survival of mice
2014 (English)In: BMC Cancer, ISSN 1471-2407, Vol. 14, 30- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Adoptive transfer of T cells genetically engineered with a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) has successfully been used to treat both chronic and acute lymphocytic leukemia as well as other hematological cancers. Experimental therapy with CAR-engineered T cells has also shown promising results on solid tumors. The prostate stem cell antigen (PSCA) is a protein expressed on the surface of prostate epithelial cells as well as in primary and metastatic prostate cancer cells and therefore a promising target for immunotherapy of prostate cancer.
We developed a third-generation CAR against PSCA including the CD28, OX-40 and CD3 zeta signaling domains. T cells were transduced with a lentivirus encoding the PSCA-CAR and evaluated for cytokine production (paired Student's t-test), proliferation (paired Student's t-test), CD107a expression (paired Student's t-test) and target cell killing in vitro and tumor growth and survival in vivo (Log-rank test comparing Kaplan-Meier survival curves).
PSCA-CAR T cells exhibit specific interferon (IFN)-gamma and interleukin (IL)-2 secretion and specific proliferation in response to PSCA-expressing target cells. Furthermore, the PSCA-CAR-engineered T cells efficiently kill PSCA-expressing tumor cells in vitro and systemic treatment with PSCA-CAR-engineered T cells significantly delays subcutaneous tumor growth and prolongs survival of mice.
Our data confirms that PSCA-CAR T cells may be developed for treatment of prostate cancer.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 14, 30- p.
CAR T cells, PSCA, Genetic engineering, Prostate cancer, Adoptive transfer
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-218943DOI: 10.1186/1471-2407-14-30ISI: 000330050700001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-218943DiVA: diva2:699388