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Differential seed dispersal in Oxalis acetosella, a cleistogamous perennial herb
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Evolutionary Biology, Plant Ecology.
2000 (English)In: Acta Oecologica, ISSN 1146-609X, Vol. 21, no 2, 109-118 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Explosive seed dispersal in the cleistogamous perennial forest herb Oxalis acetosella was studied during two growing seasons, to determine whether seeds derived from chasmogamous (CH) and cleistogamous (CL) flowers differ in dispersal distance. Seed dispersal distance, seed weight, and height of fruits were measured for both flower types, and the effects of phenology and year were also taken into account. The dispersal experiment was performed indoors, using plants transplanted from natural populations to pots. CL seeds were thrown significantly further than were CH seeds, though there was a considerable overlap in dispersal distances. There was also a significant positive relationship between seed weight and dispersal distance. No relationship was found between fruit height and dispersal distance. The results of this study contradict the common view that CL progeny should always be dispersed closer to the mother plant than CH progeny. The ecological implications of the dispersal difference are unclear, especially since it is uncertain whether CH seeds are generally outcrossed or not. Variation in dispersal distance in O. acetosella seems to be mainly dependent on a combination of reproductive mode and variation in seed weight.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 21, no 2, 109-118 p.
National Category
Natural Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-42116DOI: 10.1016/S1146-609X(00)00118-1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-42116DiVA: diva2:70017
Available from: 2008-10-17 Created: 2008-10-17 Last updated: 2013-10-29Bibliographically approved

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