Investigating the impact of heat demand reductions on Swedish district heating production using a set of typical system models
2014 (English)In: Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, E-ISSN 1872-9118, Vol. 118, 246-257 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The European Union (EU) aims at reducing its CO2 emissions and use of primary energy. The EU also aims to improve the energy efficiency in buildings and promote the use of combined heat and power (CHP) plants in district heating (DH) systems. Due to significant differences among DH systems regarding fuel use and heat production units, results for one individual DH systems are not generally valid for other DH systems. Therefore, there is a need to generally describe entire DH sectors in a way that considers the heat production plant merit-orders of the individual DH systems. Here, four models of typical DH systems are defined to represent the Swedish DH sector. A scenario for stepwise heat demand reductions due to building energy efficiency improvements is studied. The results show that heat demand reductions in Swedish DH systems generally reduce global CO2 emissions and mainly reduce the use of biomass and fossil fuels, while the use of waste and industrial waste heat (IWH) is less influenced. The results further show that in order to maximise the reduction of CO2 emissions by energy conservation in buildings, the heat production technologies of the DH system should be considered. A large share of CHP production with a high electricity-to-heat output ratio decreases the possibilities to reduce global CO2 emissions through heat demand reductions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2014. Vol. 118, 246-257 p.
district heating, heat demand, Building energy efficiency, CO2 emissions, Combined heat and power
Engineering and Technology
Research subject Engineering Science with specialization in Solid State Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-219717DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2013.11.077ISI: 000332435000025OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-219717DiVA: diva2:703005
FunderSwedish Energy Agency