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Flood fatalities in Africa: From diagnosis to mitigation
Department of Hydroinformatics and Knowledge Management, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, Netherlands.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8180-4996
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2010 (English)In: Geophysical Research Letters, ISSN 0094-8276, Vol. 37, no 22, L22402- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Flood-related fatalities in Africa, as well as associated economic losses, have increased dramatically over the past half-century. There is a growing global concern about the need to identify the causes for such increased flood damages. To this end, we analyze a large, consistent and reliable dataset of floods in Africa. Identification of causes is not easy given the diverse economic settings, demographic distribution and hydro-climatic conditions of the African continent. On the other hand, many African river basins have a relatively low level of human disturbance and, therefore, provide a unique opportunity to analyze climatic effects on floods. We find that intensive and unplanned human settlements in flood-prone areas appears to be playing a major role in increasing flood risk. Timely and economically sustainable actions, such as the discouragement of human settlements in flood-prone areas and the introduction of early warning systems are, therefore, urgently needed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 37, no 22, L22402- p.
National Category
Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-219811DOI: 10.1029/2010GL045467OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-219811DiVA: diva2:703195
Available from: 2014-03-05 Created: 2014-03-05 Last updated: 2016-04-13Bibliographically approved

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Di Baldassarre, Giuliano
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