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How do lesbian couples compare with heterosexual IVF and spontaneously pregnant couples when it comes to parenting stress?
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Obstetrics and Gynaecology. (Reproduktiv hälsa)
Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
Department of Clinical and experimental Medicine, Faculty of Health and Science, Linköping University.
Department of Clinical and experimental Medicine, Faculty of Health and Science, Linköping University.
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2014 (English)In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 103, no 5, 537-545 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AIM: To study parenting stress in lesbian parents and to compare that stress with heterosexual parents following in vitro fertilization (IVF) or spontaneous pregnancies.

METHODS: This survey took place during 2005 to 2008 and was part of the Swedish multi-centre study on gamete donation. It comprised 131 lesbian parents, 83 heterosexual IVF parents, who used their own gametes, and 118 spontaneous pregnancy parents. The participants responded to the questionnaire when the child was between 12 and 36-months-old and parenting stress was measured by the Swedish Parenting Stress Questionnaire (SPSQ).

RESULTS: Lesbian parents experienced less parenting stress than heterosexual IVF parents when it came to the General Parenting Stress measure (p=0.001) and the sub areas of Incompetence (p<0.001), Social Isolation (p=0.033) and Role Restriction (p=0.004). They also experienced less parenting stress than heterosexual spontaneous pregnancy couples, according to the Social Isolation sub area (p=0.003). Birth mothers experienced higher stress than co-mothers and fathers, according to the Role Restriction measure (p=0.041).

CONCLUSION: These are reassuring findings, considering the known challenges that lesbian families face in establishing their parental roles and, in particular, the challenges related to the lack of recognition of the co-mother.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 103, no 5, 537-545 p.
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-220117DOI: 10.1111/apa.12568ISI: 000333674500026PubMedID: 24456297OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-220117DiVA: diva2:704124
Available from: 2014-03-11 Created: 2014-03-11 Last updated: 2014-12-01Bibliographically approved

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