PAT4 is abundantly expressed in excitatory and inhibitory neurons as well as epithelial cells
2014 (English)In: Brain Research, ISSN 0006-8993, E-ISSN 1872-6240, Vol. 1557, 12-25 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
PAT4, the fourth member of the SLC36/proton dependent amino acid transporter (PAT) family, is a high-affinity, low capacity electroneutral transporter of neutral amino acids like proline and tryptophan. It has also been associated with the function of mTORC1, a complex in the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway. We performed in situ hybridization and immunohistological analysis to determine the expression profile of PAT4, as well as an RT-PCR study on tissue from mice exposed to leucine. We performed a phylogenetic analysis to determine the evolutionary origin of PAT4. The in situ hybridization and the immunohistochemistry on mouse brain sections and hypothalamic cells showed abundant PAT4 expression in the mouse brain intracellularly in both inhibitory and excitatory neurons, partially co-localizing with lysosomal markers and epithelial cells lining the ventricles. Its location in epithelial cells around the ventricles indicates a transport of substrates across the blood brain barrier. Phylogenetic analysis showed that PAT4 belongs to an evolutionary old family most likely predating animals, and PAT4 is the oldest member of that family.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 1557, 12-25 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-220143DOI: 10.1016/j.brainres.2014.02.014ISI: 000334081800002PubMedID: 24530433OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-220143DiVA: diva2:704184