Strong and weak adjectives in Old Swedish
2014 (English)In: Adjectives in Germanic and Romance / [ed] Petra Sleeman, Freek Van de Velde, Harry Perridon, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2014, 95-112 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
Inmodern Swedish, weakly inflected adjectives are obligatory in definite nounphrases. However, strong adjectival forms in definite contexts are still rather common in early mediaeval manuscripts. But this fact has attracted surprisingly little attention by linguists, and the classic handbook on language history rather conveys the idea that strong adjectives in general were restricted to semantically indefinite noun phrases already in the first written records. This article presents empirical evidence that strong adjectival forms appear in semantically definite noun phrases to a considerable – but decreasing – degree in Old Swedish texts. It is also argued that weak adjectives only appear together with formal definiteness markers, which means that strong adjectival forms are not ruled out from semantically definite noun phrases until obligatory definiteness marking is fully established.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2014. 95-112 p.
, Linguistik Aktuell/Linguistics Today, 212
Research subject Scandinavian Languages
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-220922ISBN: 9789027255952OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-220922DiVA: diva2:707305
FunderSwedish Research Council, 421-2010-1272