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Il corridore di Amok: dall'eroico guerriero al folle internato. Mutamenti nella visione di un fenomeno culturale malese trasformato in sindrome psichiatrica: (The Amok Runner: from the gallant warrior to the hospitalised madman. Changes in the view of a Malay cultural phenomenon transformed in a psychiatric syndrome)
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Cultural Anthropology and Ethnology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4802-3784
1999 (English)In: AM. Rivista della Società italiana di antropologia medica, Vol. 7-8, p. 209-250Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article runs over the history of the western attitude toward one of the most studied culture-bound syndromes: the Malay amok, described as a sort of homicidal rage to whom only the males would be subject. Since the XVI century's first occasional testimonies until the systematic study conducted by psychiatrists and anthropologists, we witness a change in the phenomenon's interpretation that clash with the period of maximum impact of the British influence on the peninsula. There is a variation in the vision of the man who shows amok: if in traditional context this extremely violent behaviour could receive a positive evaluation (bringing it back to the military ethos), during the contact with the West the amok runner is at first (until the XIX century) imprisoned or executed, and on the turn of the XX century he was invariably interned in a lunatic asylum. Analysing the phenomenon physicians and psychiatrists look for neurophisiological explanations, whereas few anthropologists prefer to resort to totally cultural ones. At the end, the most curious destiny of amok is that it has been used to define and identify also phenomena occurred in the West, transforming the original "culture-bound syndrome" in "universally verifiable syndrome".

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 7-8, p. 209-250
Keywords [en]
culture-bound syndrome, amok, Malaysia, ethnopsychiatry
National Category
Social Anthropology
Research subject
Cultural Anthropology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-43041OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-43041DiVA, id: diva2:70945
Note

Published in Italian.

Available from: 2006-11-27 Created: 2006-11-27 Last updated: 2018-06-07

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