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Five facets of musical expression: A psychologist's perspective on music performance
Uppsala University, Humanistisk-samhällsvetenskapliga vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2003 (English)In: PSYCHOLOGY OF MUSIC, ISSN 0305-7356, Vol. 31, no 3, 273-302 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this paper is to outline a psychological approach to expression in music performance that could help to provide a solid foundation for teaching of expressive skills in music education. Drawing on previous research, I suggest that performance expression is best conceptualized as a multi-dimensional phenomenon consisting of five primary components: (a) Generative rules that function to clarify the musical structure; (b) Emotional expression that serves to convey intended emotions to listeners; (c) Random variations that reflect human limitations with regard to internal time-keeper variance and motor delays; (d) Motion principles that prescribe that some aspects of the performance (e.g., timing) should be shaped in accordance with patterns of biological motion; and (e) Stylistic unexpectedness that involves local deviations from performance conventions. An analysis of performance expression in terms of these five components - collectively referred to as the GERMS model – has important implications for research and teaching of music performance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 31, no 3, 273-302 p.
Keyword [en]
music performance, expression, computational modeling, emotion, theory
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-43091OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-43091DiVA: diva2:70995
Available from: 2006-12-13 Created: 2006-12-13 Last updated: 2011-01-13

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Juslin, Patrik N
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