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Structure of crenactin, an archaeal actin homologue active at 90 degrees C
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Molecular biophysics.
2014 (English)In: Acta Crystallographica Section D: Biological Crystallography, ISSN 0907-4449, E-ISSN 1399-0047, Vol. 70, 492-500 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The crystal structure of the archaeal actin, crenactin, from the rod-shaped hyperthermophilic (optimal growth at 90 degrees C) crenarchaeon Pyrobaculum calidifontis is reported at 3.35 angstrom resolution. Despite low amino-acid sequence identity, the three-dimensional structure of the protein monomer is highly similar to those of eukaryotic actin and the bacterial MreB protein. Crenactin-specific features are also evident, as well as elements that are shared between crenactin and eukaryotic actin but are not found in MreB. In the crystal, crenactin monomers form right-handed helices, demonstrating that the protein is capable of forming filament-like structures. Monomer interactions in the helix, as well as interactions between crenactin and ADP in the nucleotide-binding pocket, are resolved at the atomic level and compared with those of actin and MreB. The results provide insights into the structural and functional properties of a heat-stable archaeal actin and contribute to the understanding of the evolution of actin-family proteins in the three domains of life.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 70, 492-500 p.
National Category
Natural Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-221975DOI: 10.1107/S1399004714000935ISI: 000331554500028OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-221975DiVA: diva2:710890
Available from: 2014-04-08 Created: 2014-04-07 Last updated: 2014-04-08Bibliographically approved

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Valegård, Karin
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