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Magnetism of Pd1-xNix alloys near the critical concentration for ferromagnetism
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Physics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Materials Physics.
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2014 (English)In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 89, no 6, 064418- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We report results of a muon spin rotation and relaxation (mu SR) study of dilute Pd1-xNix alloys, with emphasis on Ni concentrations x = 0.0243 and 0.025. These are close to the critical value x(cr) for the onset of ferromagnetic long-range order (LRO), which is a candidate for a quantum critical point. Additional control data were taken for pure nonmagnetic Pd, and for an alloy where ferromagnetism is well established (x = 0.05). The 2.43 and 2.5 at.% Ni alloys exhibit similar mu SR properties. Both samples are fully magnetic, with average zero-temperature muon local fields < B-loc(T = 0)> = 2.0 and 3.8 mT and Curie temperatures T-C = 1.0 and 2.03 K for 2.43 and 2.5 at.% Ni, respectively. The temperature dependence of < B-loc > suggests ordering of Ni spin clusters rather than isolated spins. Just above T-C, the temperature where LRO vanishes, a two-phase region is found with coexisting separate volume fractions of quasistatic short-range order (SRO) and paramagnetism. The SRO fraction decreases to zero with increasing temperature a few kelvin above T-C. This mixture of SRO and paramagnetism is consistent with the notion of an inhomogeneous alloy with Ni clustering. The measured values of T-C extrapolate to x(cr) = 0.0236 +/- 0.0027. The dynamic muon spin relaxation in the vicinity of T-C differs for the two samples: a relaxation-rate maximum at T-C is observed for x = 0.0243, reminiscent of critical slowing down, whereas for x = 0.025 no dynamic relaxation is observed within the mu SR time window. The data suggest a mean-field-like transition in this alloy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 89, no 6, 064418- p.
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Natural Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-222164DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.89.064418ISI: 000332398500001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-222164DiVA: diva2:711523
Available from: 2014-04-10 Created: 2014-04-08 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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Hartmann, OlaWäppling, Roger

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