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Management of Abdominal Compartment Syndrome and the Open Abdomen
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Vascular Surgery.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6561-9734
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Vascular Surgery.
2014 (English)In: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, ISSN 1078-5884, E-ISSN 1532-2165, Vol. 47, no 3, 279-287 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: The management of the abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) and the open abdomen (OA) are important to improve survival after major vascular surgery, in particular ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (RAAA). The aim is to summarize contemporary knowledge in this field. Methods: The consensus definitions of the World Society of the Abdominal Compartment Syndrome (WSACS) that were published in 2006 and the clinical practice guidelines published in 2007 were updated in 2013. Structured clinical questions were formulated (modified Delphi method), and the evidence base to answer those questions was evaluated using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) guidelines. Results: Most of the previous definitions were kept untouched, or were slightly modified. Four new definitions were added, including a definition of OA and of lateralization of the abdominal wall, an important clinical problem to approach during prolonged OA treatment. A classification system of the OA was added. Seven recommendations were formulated, in summary: Trans-bladder intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) should be monitored in patients at risk. Protocolized monitoring and management are recommended, and decompression laparotomy if ACS. When OA, protocolized efforts to obtain an early abdominal fascial closure, and strategies utilizing negative pressure wound therapy should be used, versus not. In most cases the evidence was graded as weak or very weak. In six of the structured clinical questions, no recommendation could be made. Conclusion: This review summarizes changes in definitions and management guidelines of relevance to vascular surgery, and data on the incidence of ACS after open and endovascular aortic surgery. (C) 2013 European Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 47, no 3, 279-287 p.
Keyword [en]
Abdominal aortic aneurysm, Abdominal compartment syndrome, Consensus guidelines, Grading of recommendations, Intra-abdominal hypertension, Open abdomen, Rupture, Temporary abdominal closure
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-222352DOI: 10.1016/j.ejvs.2013.12.014ISI: 000332265500011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-222352DiVA: diva2:711696
Available from: 2014-04-11 Created: 2014-04-10 Last updated: 2015-02-19Bibliographically approved

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Björck, MartinWanhainen, Anders
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