uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Attachment and the Development of Personality and Social Functioning
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

According to attachment theory, the establishment of an attachment bond to a caregiver not only provides the infant with protection from danger, but also many other resources presumably beneficial to the child’s general psychological development. Although there is substantial empirical support for a link between attachment security and social functioning in childhood and adolescence, less is known about whether childhood attachment contributes to social functioning beyond adolescence. Similarly, attachment has been found predictive of broad aspects of a person’s functioning, but few attempts have been made to link attachment to the currently dominating perspective on personality, the Five Factor Model (FFM). Results in Study I partially supported our expectations, by showing prospective links from middle childhood security to various aspects of social functioning in young adulthood. Further, security contributed to developmental change in social functioning from middle childhood to young adulthood. In Study II, middle childhood security was found to predict some of the FFM personality traits (primarily extraversion and openness) concurrently and prospectively, partially supporting our expectations. The third aim of this thesis was to address whether attachment disorganization, which has usually been found predictive of maladaptive phenomena, may predict also other, non-pathological outcomes. In Study II, we found that higher levels of disorganization in young adulthood were concurrently associated with more openness and lower conscientiousness. Furthermore, in Study III disorganization was shown to be concurrently associated with more New Age spirituality and more absorption in adulthood. In addition, absorption was, in accordance with our expectations, found to statistically mediate the link between disorganization and New Age spirituality. Hence, these findings supported our assumption that disorganization might be expressed in other life domains besides specifically maladaptive ones. Taken together, we suggest that attachment spreads its influence to a broad set of life domains through its continuous influence on general psychological components such as cognitive representations and self-regulation abilities. However, the modest strength of our results indicates that attachment is only one among several factors involved in the development of social functioning, personality traits, and spirituality.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2014. , 79 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Social Sciences, ISSN 1652-9030 ; 98
Keyword [en]
Social anxiety, loneliness, social competence, Adult Attachment Interview, Separation Anxiety Test, Five Factor Model, absorption, spirituality
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-221869ISBN: 978-91-554-8980-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-221869DiVA: diva2:712370
Public defence
2014-06-04, Universitetshuset Sal IV, Biskopsgatan 3, Uppsala, 13:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2014-05-14 Created: 2014-04-04 Last updated: 2014-07-25
List of papers
1. The Contribution of Middle Childhood Attachment to Social Functioning in Young Adulthood
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Contribution of Middle Childhood Attachment to Social Functioning in Young Adulthood
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Keyword
social anxiety, loneliness, prosocial orientation, social initiative taking, Separation anxiety test
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-221867 (URN)
Available from: 2014-04-11 Created: 2014-04-04 Last updated: 2014-07-25
2. Interlinkages between attachment and the Five-Factor Model of personality in middle childhood and young adulthood: a longitudinal approach
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Interlinkages between attachment and the Five-Factor Model of personality in middle childhood and young adulthood: a longitudinal approach
2013 (English)In: Attachment & Human Development, ISSN 1461-6734, E-ISSN 1469-2988, Vol. 15, no 2, 219-239 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we examine concurrent and prospective links between attachment and the Five-Factor Model (FFM) of personality from middle childhood to young adulthood (n=66). At age 8.5 years, attachment was measured with the Separation Anxiety Test and at 21 years with the Adult Attachment Interview, whereas the personality dimensions were assessed with questionnaires at both time points. The results showed that attachment and personality dimensions are meaningfully related, concurrently and longitudinally. Attachment security in middle childhood was positively related to extraversion and openness, both concurrently and prospectively. Unresolved/disorganized (U/d) attachment was negatively related to conscientiousness and positively related to openness in young adulthood. U/d attachment showed a unique contribution to openness above the observed temporal stability of openness. As attachment security was also associated with openness, the duality of this factor is discussed together with other theoretical considerations regarding attachment theory in relation to the FFM.

Keyword
attachment, Separation Anxiety Test, Adult Attachment Interview, personality, Big Five
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-197631 (URN)10.1080/14616734.2013.754985 (DOI)000315486800006 ()
Available from: 2013-04-03 Created: 2013-04-02 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
3. Disorganized Attachment, Absorption, and New Age Spirituality: A Mediational Model
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Disorganized Attachment, Absorption, and New Age Spirituality: A Mediational Model
2009 (English)In: Attachment & Human Development, ISSN 1461-6734, E-ISSN 1469-2988, Vol. 11, no 4, 385-403 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we present a theoretical model and an empirical review linking disorganized attachment with New Age spiritual beliefs and activities via a proposed mediator; the propensity to enter altered states of consciousness (absorption/dissociation). Utilizing a prospective longitudinal design (N = 62), an empirical test of the mediational model is also provided for illustrational purposes. More specifically, we tested if unresolved/disorganized (U/d) attachment scores, as identified via the Adult Attachment Interview at the first assessment point, predicted New Age spirituality 3 years later, and whether this link was mediated by absorption. Results supported the mediational model, although the bivariate relation between U/d attachment and New Age spirituality was of modest strength. The discussion focuses on the general implications, clinical as well as non-clinical, of the proposed model. Finally, we argue that time is now ripe for attachment researchers to address additional non-pathological sequelae of disorganized attachment and the related propensity to experience altered states of consciousness.

Keyword
Absorption, Adult attachment interview, Disorganized attachment, Dissociation, New age, Religion, Spirituality
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-101205 (URN)10.1080/14616730903016995 (DOI)000267980300004 ()19603302 (PubMedID)
Available from: 2009-04-20 Created: 2009-04-20 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(1238 kB)788 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 1238 kBChecksum SHA-512
745d176a730cf90c6bb92242ef7d158af97f6c5fb42f9de1334cef520f1df4d60b1b1748178ad153f7b597c21d7e60a56b123590792c26423cca1800b895e6d0
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf
Buy this publication >>

Authority records BETA

Fransson, Mari

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Fransson, Mari
By organisation
Department of Psychology
Psychology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 788 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

isbn
urn-nbn
Total: 2529 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf