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Bortezomib consolidation after autologous stem cell transplantation in multiple myeloma: a Nordic Myeloma Study Group randomized phase 3 trial
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2013 (English)In: Blood, ISSN 0006-4971, E-ISSN 1528-0020, Vol. 121, no 23, 4647-4654 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Nordic Myeloma Study Group conducted an open randomized trial to compare bortezomib as consolidation therapy given after high-dose therapy and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) with no consolidation in bortezomib-naive patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma. Overall, 370 patients were centrally randomly assigned 3 months after ASCT to receive 20 doses of bortezomib given during 21 weeks or no consolidation. The hypothesis was that consolidation therapy would prolong progression-free survival (PFS). The PFS after randomization was 27 months for the bortezomib group compared with 20 months for the control group (P = .05). Fifty-one of 90 patients in the treatment group compared with 32 of 90 controls improved their response after randomization (P = .007). No difference in overall survival was seen. Fatigue was reported more commonly by the bortezomib-treated patients in self-reported quality-of-life (QOL) questionnaires, whereas no other major differences in QOL were recorded between the groups. Consolidation therapy seemed to be beneficial for patients not achieving at least a very good partial response (VGPR) but not for patients in the ≥ VGPR category at randomization. Consolidation with bortezomib after ASCT in bortezomib-naive patients improves PFS without interfering with QOL. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT00417911.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 121, no 23, 4647-4654 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-223033DOI: 10.1182/blood-2012-11-464503ISI: 000321895700008PubMedID: 23616624OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-223033DiVA: diva2:712704
Available from: 2014-04-16 Created: 2014-04-16 Last updated: 2016-10-27Bibliographically approved

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