Objective: To investigate the magnitude of association of FTO variants with obesity, type 2 diabetes (T2DM), and related traits among Asian Indians. Methods: Random-effect meta-analysis was performed on pooled data from eight studies (n=28,394) for obesity and related traits and six studies (n=24,987) for assessment of T2DM risk in Indians where FTO variants were reported. Results: The minor A-allele of the FTO variant rs9939609 was associated with increased risk of obesity (OR 1.15, 95% CI 1.08-1.21, p=2.14 3 10 25), BMI (b=0.30 kg/m 2, 95% CI 0.21-0.38, p=4.78 3 10211) and other regional adiposity measurements [waist (b50.74 cm, 95% CI 0.49-0.99), HC (b=0.52, 95% CI 0.26-0.78), and waist-hip ratio (WHR) (b50.002, 95% CI 0.001-0.004)] in Indians (p = 0.001). An increased risk for T2DM (OR 1.11; 95% CI 1.04-1.19, p=0.002) was observed, which attenuated when adjusted for age, gender, and BMI (OR 1.09; 95% CI 1.02-1.16, p=0.01). Conclusions: Our study provides evidence of association between common FTO variant and obesity risk among Indians with comparable effect sizes as in Caucasians. The attenuation of FTO-T2DM risk on BMI adjustment reinforces that BMI does not fully account for the adiposity effects among Asian Indians who are more centrally obese.
2014. Vol. 22, no 3, 964-970 p.