Relationship among Insulin Resistance, Growth Hormone, and Insulin-Like Growth Factor I Concentrations in Diestrous Swedish Elkhounds
2014 (English)In: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, ISSN 0891-6640, E-ISSN 1939-1676, Vol. 28, no 2, 419-428 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background In the dog, the normal estrous cycle includes a prolonged luteal phase. Progesterone stimulates local canine mammary growth hormone (GH) production, which may act systemically and contribute to insulin resistance. Swedish Elkhounds are predisposed to progesterone-related diabetes mellitus, and the relationship among insulin resistance, GH, and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) is of particular interest. Objective To study insulin resistance in relation to GH and IGF-I in nondiabetic Swedish Elkhounds during diestrus. We also assessed whether alterations in these hormones could predict diestrus-linked diseases and all-cause mortality. Animals Eighty-four privately owned female intact Swedish Elkhounds >4years of age. Methods Blood sampling and clinical examination during luteal phase, with a follow-up questionnaire after 20months. Insulin resistance was calculated by homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR). Results In multivariable regression analysis, GH was positively associated with HOMA-IR (P=.009). An increase in GH of 1ng/mL was associated with a 12.7% increase in HOMA-IR. Moreover, C-peptide was positively associated with IGF-I (P=.04), and an increase in C-peptide of 0.1ng/mL was associated with a 6.9% increase in IGF-I. Structural equation modeling supported these results. Twenty-three animals were found to have previously unrecognized mammary masses and had higher GH (P<.0001) and IGF-I (P=.007) than dogs without mammary masses (n=61). There was no association between high GH and IGF-I concentrations at sampling and future mammary masses. Conclusion We showed that GH was strongly associated with insulin resistance in older Swedish Elkhounds during diestrus.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 28, no 2, 419-428 p.
GH, Diestrus, Progesterone, IGF-I
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-223546DOI: 10.1111/jvim.12307ISI: 000332777900024OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-223546DiVA: diva2:713574