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Biowaiver monographs for immediate release solid oral dosage forms: efavirenz
AstraZeneca R&D, Mölndal, Sweden.
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2013 (English)In: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, ISSN 0022-3549, E-ISSN 1520-6017, Vol. 102, no 2, 318-329 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Literature data pertaining to the decision to allow a waiver of in vivo bioequivalence testing for the approval of immediate-release (IR) solid oral dosage forms containing efavirenz as the only active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) are reviewed. Because of lack of conclusive data about efavirenz's permeability and its failure to comply with the "high solubility" criteria according to the Biopharmaceutics Classification System (BCS), the API can be classified as BCS Class II/IV. In line with the solubility characteristics, the innovator product does not meet the dissolution criteria for a "rapidly dissolving product." Furthermore, product variations containing commonly used excipients or in the manufacturing process have been reported to impact the rate and extent of efavirenz absorption. Despite its wide therapeutic index, subtherapeutic levels of efavirenz can lead to treatment failure and also facilitate the emergence of efavirenz-resistant mutants. For all these reasons, a biowaiver for IR solid oral dosage forms containing efavirenz as the sole API is not scientifically justified for reformulated or multisource drug products.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 102, no 2, 318-329 p.
National Category
Basic Medicine
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-223957DOI: 10.1002/jps.23380PubMedID: 23175470OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-223957DiVA: diva2:714541
Available from: 2014-04-28 Created: 2014-04-28 Last updated: 2014-08-08Bibliographically approved

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