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Cardiac arrest teams and medical emergency teams in Finland: a nationwide cross- sectional postal survey
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical Sciences, Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care.
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2014 (English)In: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-5172, E-ISSN 1399-6576, Vol. 58, no 4, 420-427 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BackgroundThe implementation, characteristics and utilisation of cardiac arrest teams (CATs) and medical emergency teams (METs) in Finland are unknown. We aimed to evaluate how guidelines on advanced in-hospital resuscitation have been translated to practice. MethodsA cross-sectional postal survey including all public hospitals providing anaesthetic services. ResultsOf the 55 hospitals, 51 (93%) participated in the study. All hospitals with intensive care units (university and central hospitals, n=24) took part. In total, 88% of these hospitals (21/24) and 30% (8/27) of the small hospitals had CATs. Most hospitals with CATs (24/29) recorded team activations. A structured debriefing after a resuscitation attempt was organised in only one hospital. The median incidence of in-hospital cardiac arrest in Finland was 1.48 (Q(1)=0.93, Q(3)=1.93) per 1000 hospital admissions. METs had been implemented in 31% (16/51) of the hospitals. A physician participated in MET activation automatically in half (8/16) of the teams. Operating theatres (13/16), emergency departments (10/16) and paediatric wards (7/16) were the most common sites excluded from the METs' operational areas. The activation thresholds for vital signs varied between hospitals. The lower upper activation threshold for respiratory rate was associated with a higher MET activation rate. The national median MET activation rate was 2.3 (1.5, 4.8) per 1000 hospital admissions and 1.5 (0.96, 4.0) per every cardiac arrest. ConclusionsCurrent guidelines emphasise the preventative actions on in-hospital cardiac arrest. Practices are changing accordingly but are still suboptimal especially in central and district hospitals. Unified guidelines on rapid response systems are required.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 58, no 4, 420-427 p.
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URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-223507DOI: 10.1111/aas.12280ISI: 000332609300006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-223507DiVA: diva2:715549
Available from: 2014-05-05 Created: 2014-04-22 Last updated: 2014-05-05Bibliographically approved

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Tenhunen, Jyrki
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