A modified Glenn shunt reduces venous congestion during acute right ventricular failure due to pulmonary banding: a randomized experimental study
2014 (English)In: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, ISSN 1569-9293, E-ISSN 1569-9285, Vol. 18, no 4, 418-425 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Right ventricular failure after left ventricular assist device implantation is a serious complication with high rates of mortality and morbidity. It has been demonstrated in experimental settings that volume exclusion of the right ventricle with a modified Glenn shunt can improve haemodynamics during ischaemic right ventricular failure. However, the concept of a modified Glenn shunt is dependent on a normal pulmonary vascular resistance, which can limit its use in some patients. The aim of this study was to explore the effects of volume exclusion with a modified Glenn shunt during right ventricular failure due to pulmonary banding, and to study the alterations in genetic expression in the right ventricle due to pressure and volume overload. Experimental right ventricular failure was induced in pigs (n = 11) through 2 h of pulmonary banding. The pigs were randomized to either treatment with a modified Glenn shunt and pulmonary banding (n = 6) or solely pulmonary banding (n = 5) as a control group. Haemodynamic measurements, blood samples and right ventricular biopsies for genetic analysis were sampled at baseline, at right ventricular failure (i.e. 2 h of pulmonary banding) and 1 h post-right ventricular failure in both groups. Right atrial pressure increased from 10 mmHg (9.0-12) to 18 mmHg (16-22) (P < 0.01) and the right ventricular pressure from 31 mmHg (26-35) to 57 mmHg (49-61) (P < 0.01) after pulmonary banding. Subsequent treatment with the modified Glenn shunt resulted in a decrease in right atrial pressure to 13 mmHg (11-14) (P = 0.03). In the control group, right atrial pressure was unchanged at 19 mmHg (16-20) (P = 0.18). At right heart failure, there was an up-regulation of genes associated with heart failure, inflammation, angiogenesis, negative regulation of cell death and proliferation. Volume exclusion with a modified Glenn shunt during right ventricular failure reduced venous congestion compared with the control group. The state of right heart failure was verified through genetic expressional changes.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 18, no 4, 418-425 p.
Right-sided heart failure, Bidirectional Glenn shunt, Assisted circulation, Microarray analysis
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-223874DOI: 10.1093/icvts/ivt547ISI: 000333271300004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-223874DiVA: diva2:716344