Ischaemic heart disease in first-degree relatives to coeliac patients
2014 (English)In: European Journal of Clinical Investigation, ISSN 0014-2972, E-ISSN 1365-2362, Vol. 44, no 4, 359-364 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
ObjectiveCoeliac disease (CD) has been linked to an increased risk of ischaemic heart disease (IHD). We examined the risk of IHD in first-degree relatives and spouses to coeliac patients to ascertain the genetic contribution to IHD excess risk. Study design and settingCoeliac disease was defined as having a biopsy-verified villous atrophy (Marsh grade 3) in 1969-2008 (n=29096). Coeliac patients were matched to 144522 controls. Through Swedish registers, we identified all first-degree relatives and spouses to coeliac patients and their controls, in total 87622 unique coeliac relatives and 432655 unique control relatives. Our main outcome measure was IHD defined according to relevant international classification of disease codes in the Swedish Inpatient Registry or in the Cause of Death Registry. Hazard ratios (HR) and confidence intervals (CI) were estimated through Cox regression adjusted for sex, age-group and calendar year at study entry of the relative. ResultDuring a median follow-up of 10<bold>8</bold>years, 2880 coeliac relatives and 13817 control relatives experienced IHD. First-degree relatives of coeliac patients were at increased risk of IHD (HR=1<bold>05</bold>; 95% CI=1<bold>00</bold>-1<bold>09</bold>, P-value=0<bold>04</bold>), while spouses were at no increased risk (HR=0<bold>99</bold>; 95% CI=0<bold>87</bold>-1<bold>12</bold>). The excess risk of IHD in coeliac first-degree relatives aged 40-59years was 70/100000 person-years. ConclusionFirst-degree relatives to coeliac patients seem to be at an increased risk of IHD but the excess risk is so small that it has little clinical relevance.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 44, no 4, 359-364 p.
Celiac, coeliac, cohort, ischaemic heart disease, risk factors, shared genetics
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-223870DOI: 10.1111/eci.12242ISI: 000332586300003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-223870DiVA: diva2:716394