The role of representational strength in verbal updating: Evidence from 19-and 24-month-olds
2014 (English)In: Journal of experimental child psychology (Print), ISSN 0022-0965, E-ISSN 1096-0457, Vol. 121, 156-168 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The current research investigated the role of object familiarity in children's ability to update the representation of an absent object via language. In Study 1, the degree of object familiarity was manipulated by the amount of time children were exposed to an object. The results showed that when 19- and 24-month-olds were minimally exposed to the object, only the 24-month-olds were able to incorporate newly heard information about it by selecting the new version of the object. Studies 2 and 3 demonstrated that the younger children's failure to update is due to their failure to activate an object's weak representation in working memory. When the object's weak representation was reactivated (by seeing a depiction of the object) prior to the language input, the younger children successfully updated their representation of the object. The findings are discussed in light of the graded representation account.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 121, 156-168 p.
Language, Updating, Representation, Representational strength, Object familiarity, Absent referent
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-223857DOI: 10.1016/j.jecp.2013.12.002ISI: 000333503000011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-223857DiVA: diva2:716443