Women With Breast Cancer: Experience of Chemotherapy-Induced Pain: Triangulation of Methods
2015 (English)In: Cancer Nursing, ISSN 0162-220X, E-ISSN 1538-9804, Vol. 38, no 1, 31-39 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Chemotherapy treatment for cancer diseases can cause body pain during adjuvant therapy.
The aim was to describe the perceived impact of adjuvant chemotherapy-induced pain (CHIP) on the daily lives of women with newly diagnosed breast cancer, using triangulation.
Fifty-seven women scheduled for chemotherapy in doses of 75 mg/m2 or greater of epirubicin and/or docetaxel participated. Twenty-two of these women registered pain with values of 4 or more on the visual analog scale on day 10 following chemotherapy. Of these 22, 16 participated in an interview and colored a printed body image. A qualitative thematic stepwise analysis of the interviews was performed.
Chemotherapy-induced pain had a profound impact on daily life. Ten women reported the worst possible pain, with visual analog scale scores of 8 to 10. Three different categories crystallized: perception (A) of manageable pain, which allowed the women to maintain their daily lives; perception (B) of pain beyond imagination, whereby the impact of pain had become more complex; and perception (C) of crippling pain, challenging the women's confidence in survival.
The findings highlight the inability to capture CHIP with 1 method only; it is thus necessary to use complimentary methods to capture pain. We found that pain had a considerable impact on daily life, with surprisingly high scores of perceived pain, findings that to date have been poorly investigated qualitatively.
IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE
Nurses need to (1) better identify, understand and treat CHIP, using instruments and protocols; and (2) provide improved communication about pain and pain management.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 38, no 1, 31-39 p.
Other Medical Sciences Cancer and Oncology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-224617DOI: 10.1097/NCC.0000000000000124ISI: 000346161400010PubMedID: 24457228OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-224617DiVA: diva2:717496