Approximation of mode I crack-tip displacement fields by a gradient enhanced elasticity theory
2014 (English)In: Engineering Fracture Mechanics, ISSN 0013-7944, E-ISSN 1873-7315, Vol. 117, 1-11 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Gradient theories are capable of describing deformation of heterogeneous elastic materials better than classical elasticity theory since they are able to capture internal length effects. Here, crack-tip displacement fields at the tip of a mode I crack in gradient enhanced elastic materials are derived in closed form and contrasted with experiments. Heterogeneous materials, represented by discrete fiber networks, are analyzed in finite element models to judge the theory. It is shown that using a classical continuum approach to describe macroscopic singular-dominated deformation fields in heterogeneous materials lead to erroneous results because a structural effect that alters the displacement field becomes pronounced and results in severe blunting of crack-tips. A key conclusion is that the average segment length in the material gives the internal length scale parameter, used in the gradient enhanced continuum theory, hence allows for bridging between scales.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 117, 1-11 p.
Heterogeneous material, Gradient enhanced continuum, Crack mechanics, Asymptotic analysis, Deformation field
Engineering and Technology
Research subject Engineering science with specialization in Applied Mechanics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-224593DOI: 10.1016/j.engfracmech.2014.01.001ISI: 000334003600001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-224593DiVA: diva2:717500