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Riskfaktorer för postoperativa sårinfektioner efter Coronary Artery Bypass Graft
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Postoperativa sårinfektioner [PSI] är en allvarlig komplikation och ett hälsoproblem som orsakar lidande för patienten. Såsom vid alla operativa ingrepp förekommer en risk att få PSI i operationssåret/-såren efter Coronary Artery Bypass Graft [CABG], men det finns redan en rad kända riskfaktorer som ökar risken för PSI.

Syfte och metod: Syftet med rapporten var att undersöka om kombinationen av ett antal sedan tidigare kända riskfaktorer ökade risken för PSI efter CABG på ett mellansvenskt sjukhus åren 2009-2012. En retrospektiv journalgranskningsstudie med totalt 228 patienter genomfördes.

Resultat: Av 228 undersökta hade totalt 50 patienter rapporterat sårinfektion och 73 patienter hade ≥ 3 riskfaktorer. Bland de som hade ≥ 3 riskfaktorer rapporterade 32,9% PSI och bland de som hade < 3 riskfaktorer rapporterade 16,8% PSI. Risken att få PSI efter CABG-kirurgi är nästan dubbelt så stor (RR=1,960) hos patienter med ≥ 3 riskfaktorer jämfört med patienter med < 3 riskfaktorer (X2=7,516 df=1 p=0,006).

Slutsats: Det finns en signifikant högre risk för PSI efter CABG vid förekomst av tre eller fler än tre patientrelaterade riskfaktorer jämfört med färre än tre riskfaktorer. Fler, större studier av detta slag efterfrågas då denna rapport kan ge en fingervisning om hur situationen föreligger på ett mellansvenskt sjukhus.

Abstract [en]

Objective: Postoperative surgery site infections [SSI] is not only a severe complication but a health problem which often cause suffering and prolonged hospitalization among afflicted patients. As with all surgical procedures, a coronary artery bypass graft [CABG] always implicates a risk for SSI and a number of risk factors have to be taken into account when dealing with it. The objective of this report is to investigate if a combination of several patient-related risk factors implicates greater risk of getting SSI after CABG.

Method: A quantitative retrospective journal review of 228 patients who completed a CABG between 2009-2012 was performed on a university hospital in central Sweden.

Result: Among 228 patients a total of 50 reported SSI and 73 patients had ≥ 3 patient-related risk factors. Among those who had ≥ 3 risk factors 32.9% reported SSI and among those who had < 3 risk factors 16.8% reported SSI. The risk of getting SSI after CABG is almost twice as high (RR = 1.960) in patients with ≥ 3 risk factors compared to patients with < 3 risk factors (X2 = 7.516 df = 1 p = 0.006).

Conclusion: There is a significantly higher risk of getting SSI after CABG in the presence of three or more than three patient-related risk factors, compared with fewer than three risk factors. More, larger studies of this kind are in demand since this report provides an indication of how the situation may prevail on a central Swedish university hospital.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 19 p.
Keyword [en]
CABG, risk factors, postoperative, infections
Keyword [sv]
CABG, riskfaktorer, postoperativ, infektion
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-225259OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-225259DiVA: diva2:720433
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-06-04 Created: 2014-05-29 Last updated: 2014-06-04Bibliographically approved

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Riskfaktorer för PSI efter CABG(453 kB)244 downloads
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