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Skador inom svensk damishockey: En enkätstudie
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Physiotheraphy.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Physiotheraphy.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Ishockey är en sport som i studier visat sig ha en hög skadefrekvens. Sporten utövas av kvinnor likväl som män men hur sporten spelas skiljer sig åt beroende av kön samt mellan olika länder. En kartläggning av skadeproblematiken utgör första steget i ett skadepreventivt arbete. Dock finns i dagsläget inga studier angående skadepanoramat inom svensk damishockey.

Syfte: Att kartlägga skadeproblematiken inom svensk damishockey utifrån ålder, antal exponeringstimmar, skadelokalisation, skadetillfälle, skadefrekvens samt hur lång matchfrånvaro skador föranleder. Att undersöka samband mellan skadefrekvens och exponeringstimmar samt skadefrekvens och ålder.

Metod: En webbaserad enkät utformades i en retrospektiv design. Populationen var samtliga spelare aktiva i riksserien och division 1 i Sverige under säsongen 2013-2014. Data insamlades fortlöpande under tre veckor i februari 2014.

Resultatsammanfattning: Antal kompletta enkätsvar som inkluderades var 137, ca 25 % av populationen. Den vanligaste skadelokalisationen var knät (20 %, n = 25). Knäskador var även kopplade till näst längst matchfrånvaro (medelvärde: 6,5 veckor). Mellan träning och match var skadefördelningen jämn. Flest matchskador inträffade i period 2 (45 %). En signifikant korrelation kunde ses gällande ökat antal skador vid ökat antal exponeringstimmar. Ingen korrelation mellan ålder och skadefrekvens noterades. 

Konklusion: Denna studie visar, liksom studier på herrishockey och damishockey i Nordamerika, att knäskador är vanligt förekommande samt att flest matchskador sker i period två. I motsats till föregående studier visar denna ingen signifikant skillnad i skador sett till ökad ålder. Även huvudskadorna visade kraftigt lägre siffror än vad tidigare presenterats inom ishockey. Vidare studier behövs för att kunna utarbeta skadeförebyggande åtgärder framförallt för knäskador

Abstract [en]

Background: Ice hockey is a sport with high risk for injuries. The practitioners of the sport are both males and females, yet how the game is played differs due to gender and country. Mapping out injuries within the population makes a first step towards injury prevention. However, there are no studies regarding the prospect of injuries in Swedish female ice hockey. 

Purpose: Mapping out age, exposure to the sport, location, occasion and time loss related to injuries. Study correlation between player age and number of injuries; exposure hours and number of injuries.

Procedure: A web-based questionnaire was made in a retrospective design. The population were all players in riksserien and division 1 in Sweden during the season 2013-2014. Data were collected continuously during three weeks in February 2014.

Results: The number of complete questionnaires included was 137, approximately 25 % of the population. The most common injury localisation was the knee (20 %, n = 25). Knee injuries also had the second longest absence from gameplay (mean: 6,5 weeks). The distribution of injuries between training and gameplay were equal. The highest number of injuries during gameplay occurred in the second period (45 %). A significant correlation indicated that more injuries occurred with more exposure hours. No correlation between age and injury were found. 

Conclusions: This study shows, as studies on men’s ice hockey and female ice hockey in North America that knee injuries are common and that most of injuries during gameplay occurs in the second period. In opposite to previous studies this study shows no correlation between injuries and age. The head-injuries also showed lower numbers than previous studies. Further studies need to be done to work out interventions for injury prevention, especially for knee injuries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014.
Keyword [en]
Ice hockey, Injuries, Women, Sweden
National Category
Physiotherapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-225399OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-225399DiVA: diva2:720937
Presentation
2014-05-20, Biomedicinskt centrum, Uppsala, 11:00 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-08-04 Created: 2014-06-03 Last updated: 2014-08-04Bibliographically approved

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