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Patientrelaterade riskfaktorer för postoperativ sårinfektion efter Coronary Artery Bypass Graft - CABG
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Introduction

Postoperative wound infections leads to increased patient suffering and cost society money because it leads to longer hospital stays. Previous research shows that patient related risk factors such as smoking, diabetes, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), advanced age (>65 years) a low preoperative hemoglobin level (<140g/L) and a high BMI (> 30) increases the risk of suffering a postoperative wound infection.

Aim

To investigate whether patients that underwent surgery with Coronary artery Bypass Graft (CABG) in a university hospital in central Sweden in 2013 and had any of these risk factors more often suffer from post-operative wound infection.

Method

The study has a descriptive design and is based on an ongoing infection registration area of operations. The study included 148 patients out of 255 (58%) undergoing CABG in 2013. Possible risk factors were collected through medical record review.

Results

There was no significant correlation between surgical wound infection and patient-related risk factors such as smoking (not quit smoking four weeks before surgery), diabetes, COPD, advanced age (>65 years), low preoperative hemoglobin (<140g/L) or a high BMI (>30) and suffered a postoperative wound infection.

Conclusion

More research and a larger sample is needed in the field to produce a reliable result could be presented.

Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund

Postoperativa sårinfektioner ger ett ökat lidande för patienten och kostar samhället pengar då det leder till längre vårdtider. Tidigare forskning visar att patientrelaterade riskfaktorer som rökning, diabetes, kronisk obstruktiv lungsjukdom (KOL), hög ålder (>65år) ett lågt preoperativt hemoglobinvärde (<140g/L) och ett högt BMI (>30) ökar risken för att drabbas av postoperativ sårinfektion.

Syfte

Att undersöka huruvida patienter som operatats med Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) på ett universitetssjukhus i Mellansverige under 2013 och hade någon av dessa riskfaktorer och om de i högre utsträckning drabbas av postoperativ sårinfektion.

Metod

Studien har en deskriptiv design och utgår från en fortgående infektionsregistrering på verksamhetsområdet. I studien ingick 148 patienter av 255 (58%) som genomgått CABG under 2013. Eventuella riskfaktorer samlades in genom journalgranskning.

Resultat

Det fanns inget samband mellan postoperativ sårinfektion och patientrelaterade riskfaktorer som rökning (ej slutat röka fyra veckor innan operation), diabetes, KOL, hög ålder (>65 år), lågt preoperativt hemoglobinvärde (<140 g/L) eller ett högt BMI (>30) och att drabbats av en postoperativ sårinfektion.

Slutsats

Mer forskning och större urval behövs inom området för att ett tillförlitligt resultat ska kunna presenteras.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 28 p.
Keyword [sv]
sårinfektion, riskfaktorer, postoperativ sårinfektion, CABG
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-225415OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-225415DiVA: diva2:721001
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-06-10 Created: 2014-06-03 Last updated: 2014-06-10Bibliographically approved

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