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Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av stress i arbetslivet: En litteraturstudie
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Sjuksköterskan har en central roll i omvårdnadsarbetet inom hälso- och sjukvården och är skyldig att ge god och kvalitetssäker omvårdnad. Stress är ett sätt förmänniskan att öka sin beredskap för att hantera krävande situationer, men vid långvarig stress sker en negativ påverkan på individen. Sjuksköterskor är bland de mest stressade yrkesgrupperna i Sverige och stressen kan i sin tur ha inverkan på sjuksköterskans omvårdnadsarbete.

Syfte: Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av stress i arbetslivet.

Metod: Denna studie är en deskriptiv litteraturstudie. Sökningar gjordes i databaserna PubMed och PsycINFO. Artikelgranskning gjordes genom modifierad granskningsmall medpoängsystem. Femton artiklar inkluderades och 7 exkluderades. Nyckelord identifierades och sammanställdes i kategorier och kategorier.

Resultat: Sjuksköterskor var en stressad yrkesgrupp och stress påverkade omvårdnadsarbetet och vårdkvaliteten negativt. Faktorer som upplevdes som stressande var arbetsmiljöfaktorer, etisk stress, engagemang och motivation, arbetserfarenhet och utbildning, arbetstillfredsställelse, krav, kontroll och belöning.

Slutsats: En stressad sjuksköterska är varken förenligt med god och kvalitetssäkeromvårdnad, eller med svensk lagstiftning. Genom att förbättra förutsättningarna och förhållandet för sjuksköterskan kan förhållandet för patienten förbättras.

Abstract [en]

Background: Nurses have a central role in the nursing care context within the healthcare system and is required to provide nursing care of good quality. Stress is a way for the human beings to increase their preparedness to deal with demanding situations, but stress during a prolonged period of time has a negative impact on the individual. Nurses are among the most stressed out professionals in Sweden and stress may in turn have an impact on the nursing care.

Aim: The aim of this study was to examine nurses’ experiences of stress in the workplace.

Methods: The present study is a descriptive literature review. The searches were preformed in the databases PubMed and PsycINFO. Quality appraisal was done with a modified template with a scoring system. Fifteen articles were included and 7 articles were excluded. Keywords were identified and compiled into themes and categories.

Results: Nurses were exposed to a lot of stress which negatively affected the nursing care and the quality of care. Stress was affected by stressors such as working environment, ethical stress, engagement and motivation, working experience and education, job satisfaction, demand, control and reward.

Conclusion: A nurse that is stressed out is neither compatible with care of good quality nor with the Swedish law. By improving the working conditions for nurses the conditions for the patient may be improved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 47 p.
Keyword [en]
stress, nurses, nursing care, stressors, job stress
Keyword [sv]
Stress, sjuksköterskor, omvårdnad, stressfaktorer, arbetsrelaterad stress
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-225424OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-225424DiVA: diva2:721122
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-06-04 Created: 2014-06-03 Last updated: 2014-06-04Bibliographically approved

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