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Uppföljning av Sensus amningskurs för blivande föräldrar.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Amningsförekomsten har minskat i Sverige de senaste åren. Studier har visat att amning ger flera hälsovinster hos barn och mammor samt att mammornas tillit till sin förmåga att amma har betydelse för amningsutfallet.

 

Syfte: Att undersöka mammors tillit till sin förmåga att amma samt att se om mammornas tillit påverkade amningsutfallet när barnet var fyra månader, efter att mammorna genomgått Sensus förberedande amningskurs under graviditeten.

 

Design/ Metod: En kvantitativ, experimentell och prospektiv design valdes för att genomföra studien. En interventionsstudie utformades med en före-efter design. Interventionen utgjordes av totalt fyra kurstillfällen. Enkäten Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale Short Form (BSES-SF) användes för att mäta kvinnornas tillit till amning och fylldes i av kvinnorna vid tre tillfällen, den sista när barnet var fyra månader gammalt. När barnet var fyra månader svarade kvinnorna även på en enkät om barnets mat och sömn.

 

Resultat: Sensus amningskurs höjde kvinnornas medelvärde på BSES-SF, från 42,92 innan utbildningen, till 55,82 efter utbildningen (p<0,001). Mammornas tillit till sin förmåga att amma kvarstod när barnet var fyra månader (m=58,10) (p<0,001). Amningsförekomsten bland kvinnorna i studien var hög procentuellt sett jämfört med hur kvinnor ammar i Sverige.

 

Slutsats: Studien visade att förberedande amningskurs under graviditeten höjde mammornas (förstföderskor/omföderskor) tillit till sin förmåga att amma, samt ledde till hög amningsförekomst när barnet var fyra månader. Dessutom visade studien att de kvinnor som ammade i någon omfattning skattade tilliten till sin förmåga att amma högre än de kvinnor som inte ammade alls.  Det stöd som kvinnorna skattade som mest betydelsefullt för sin amning var stödet från hennes partner, därefter kom Sensus amningskurs och efter det Amningshjälpen.  

Abstract [en]

In Sweden, the occurrence of breastfeeding has decreased over recent years. Research has shown that breastfeeding is beneficial health wise for both the child and the mother. It has also shown that the mothers’ self-efficacy in their ability to breastfeed is relevant in regards to the actual act of breastfeeding.

 

Aim: To investigate mothers’ confidence in their ability to breastfeed and if this confidence effected the frequency in which mothers breastfed once the child had reached four months of age after the mothers had undergone the Sensus breastfeeding program during pregnancy.

 

Design/ Method: A quantitative, experimental and prospective design was chosen to carry out this study. An intervention study was created which consisted of a pre and post design. This intervention was utilized on a total of four occasions. The questionnaire Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale Short Form (BSES-SF) was used to measure the women’s confidence in their ability to breastfeed. This questionnaire was filled in three times by the women, the last time being when the child was four months old. During this final occasion they also filled in another questionnaire concerning the child’s feeding and sleeping habits.

 

Results: The Sensus breastfeeding program raised the women’s mean in BSES-SF, from     42, 92 before the program to 55, 82 after the program (p<0,001). The women’s confidence in their ability to breastfeed remained the same when the child was four month’s old (m=58, 10) (p<0,001). The frequency of breastfeeding among the women in the study, percentage wise, was high in comparison to the overall population of Swedish women who breastfeed.

 

Conclusion: This study presented that breastfeeding programs during pregnancy can increase women’s confidence in their ability to breastfeed. It can also have a positive effect on the frequency of breastfeeding. This study also showed that mothers who breastfed to some extent had better confidence in their ability to breastfeed, compared with the mothers who didn’t breastfeed at all. Furthermore, the support that the mothers claimed as being most important in regards to breastfeeding was firstly the support received from her partner, then secondly the Sensus studieförbund and finally Amningshjälpen.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 44 p.
Keyword [sr]
Breastfeeding, breastfeeding program, confidence, self-efficacy
Keyword [sv]
Amning, amningskurs, självförtroende, tillit
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-225855OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-225855DiVA: diva2:722551
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Specialistsjuksköterskeprogrammet med inriktning mot hälso- och sjukvård för barn och ungdomar
Supervisors
Examiners
Projects
Sensus Amningskurs
Available from: 2014-06-25 Created: 2014-06-09 Last updated: 2014-06-25Bibliographically approved

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Emanuelsson Ahlqvist, AnnaLaurin Lindblad, Katarina
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