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Upplevelser av stress i prehospital verksamhet - en realitet.  Finns interventioner i stresshantering för ambulanssjuksköterskor? -En litteraturstudie
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning

 

Ambulanssjuksköterskan arbetar idag i stressiga, krävande miljöer och ska då fatta snabba, korrekta beslut som kan vara livsavgörande för en svårt sjuk patient. Om en individ upplever att dennes yrkessituation inte kan kontrolleras eller hanteras kan personen till slut reagera med uppgivenhet, detta är en definition av långvarig stress.

 

Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka hur litteraturen identifierar och beskriver upplevelser av stress hos ambulanssjuksköterskor och vilka preventiva interventioner som finns idag för att hantera ambulanssjuksköterskans stress i samband med traumatiska möten av svårt sjuka patienter.

Metoden för studien var en deskriptiv litteraturstudie där artiklar hämtades via Google Scholar, Medline via PubMed och Cinahl.

 

Resultatet av denna studie visade att det i de flesta fall saknas en strategi för att möta den yrkesrelaterade stress som ambulanssjuksköterskor utsätts för. För att kunna upptäcka och undvika symtom på stress behövs mer preventiva interventioner och uppföljningar före eller i direkt anslutning till en kritisk händelse. Det behövs mer forskning i ämnet och fåtalet artiklar uppvisar förslag angående djupgående hjälpmedel för stresshantering och stressrelaterade sjukdomar.

 

Slutsats Att ambulanssjuksköterskan i sitt arbete upplever stress och är tvungen att hantera den är ett faktum. För att komma åt detta problem behövs både engagemang och preventiva strategier av arbetsgivare för att stötta ambulanssjuksköterskan i hanteringen av stressupplevda situationer.

 

 

Abstract [en]

Abstract

 

The paramedic nurse today works in stressful, demanding conditions, and is constantly forced to make quick, correct decisions vital for a critically ill patient. Should an individual experience a work environment, which cannot be handled or controlled, the ultimate reaction is one of complete resignation. This is a symptom of prolonged stress.

The purpose of this study is to examine how scholarly literature identifies and describes stress experiences among paramedic nurses. It also aims to evaluate the means of preventive interventions currently available to manage stress symptoms arising from traumatic encounters with severely ill patients.

Method: This study is a literature review based on scientific articles collected from Google Scholar, Medline via Pubmed, and Cinahl.

 

The outcome of this study showed that, in most cases, there is a lack of means to meet the work-related stress that paramedic nurses are exposed to. In order to detect and avoid stress symptoms, more preventive interventions and monitoring are needed – both before and directly following critical situations. In the academic literature examined, the need for further research within this field is obvious, but there are few suggestions of any long-term preventive conclusions against stress and stress-related diseases.

 

Conclusion: Paramedics experience stress in their work and are forced to successfully cope with it. Employers have to take action to actively engage in these issues, and provide strategies to support the paramedic nurse in managing stressful situations.

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 35 p.
Keyword [en]
Intervention, Stress, Prehospital, Paramedics, Children, Coping styles
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-226457OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-226457DiVA: diva2:725703
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Specialistsjuksköterskeprogrammet med inriktning mot ambulanssjukvård
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-06-24 Created: 2014-06-17 Last updated: 2014-06-24Bibliographically approved

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