Managing Liberian forests in a sustainable way: evaluating the incentives
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
The Liberian forests have traditionally been managed by tribal communities. ‘Community forestry’ has typically been engaged with Common Pool Resources, characterized by rivalry and non-excludability within the community space. Around the mid-20th century national land policy and legislation began intervening in customary tenure practices. After the end of Liberian civil war in 2003 there was a realization among stakeholders of the unsustainable management of Liberian forests. As part of the policy reform process that was initiated ‘community forestry’ was lifted as an indispensable component in achieving sustainability in forestry governance. Ambiguous statutory land and natural resource legislation has interfered with these ambitions and commercial forestry uses have prevailed over a more integrated approach. Large-scale logging operations are imposing on customary tenure practices. Community members are looking to secure tenure by purchasing private ownership deeds and shifts in the tenure regime have made for alterations to incentive structures among community members. Community institutions for forest resource governance are being interfered with by external appropriators, typically carrying more short-term incentives. Highly insecure forest tenure and lack of governance transparency threatens to reduce community management incentives. It appears, however, that communities retain a strong sense of collectiveness and internal cohesion.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Liberia, Community Forestry, Sustainable forestry, Institutional incentives, Common Pool Resources, National policy reform, Land concessions
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-226469OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-226469DiVA: diva2:725788
Vredin Johansson, Maria
Ohlsson, Henry, Professor