BACKGROUND: Although apoE-/- mice are characterized by hypercholesterolemia, the bile acid enterohepatic circulation, which plays a crucial role in cholesterol homeostasis, has not been examined in these mice. The differences between apoE-/- and C57BL/6 mice in expression of the ileal ASBT and ILBP and in intestinal bile acid absorption were studied.
METHODS: The intestinal tissues of the fetal, neonatal and post-weaning mice were processed for immunohistochemistry. Body retention and fecal excretion of 75SeHCAT were measured. The bile acid pool size and its composition were analysed by HPLC.
RESULTS: In apoE-/- and C57BL/6 mice, the bile acid pool size was 75 +/- 13 and 78 +/- 13 micromol/ 100 g body weight, respectively, while the ratio of cholic acid/beta-muricholic acid was 1.8 +/- 0.3 and 1.4 +/- 0.3 (P < 0.05), respectively. The daily body retention of 75SeHCAT was 48% = 1.8% in C57 black mice and 58.4% +/- 2.7% in apoE-/- mice (P < 0.05). In both mouse strains, ASBT expression in the small intestine was found in the near-term fetal and post-weaning mice, while ILBP expression was found in all postnatal mice. In the post-weaning mice, ILBP expression was limited to the distal 25%-30% of the small intestine, while ASBT expression was limited to the distal 18%.
CONCLUSIONS: The bile acid enterohepatic circulation in apoE-/- mice probably does not differ greatly from that in C57BL/6 mice.
2002. Vol. 37, no 9, 1089-1096 p.