Orientation effects in morphology and electronic properties of anatase TiO2 one-dimensional nanostructures. I. Nanowires
2014 (English)In: Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP, ISSN 1463-9076, E-ISSN 1463-9084, Vol. 16, no 20, 9479-9489 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
By means of ab initio calculations we have revealed the existence of sizable anisotropy in electronic properties of anatase TiO2 nanowires with respect to orientation: nanowires with 001 , 100 and 110 axes are found to be direct band-gap, indirect band-gap and degenerate semiconductor materials, respectively. The degenerate semiconducting properties of 110 oriented TiO2 nanowires are predicted to be the intrinsic features closely connected with stoichiometry. A band-gap variation with nanowire diameter is also shown to display rather complex behavior characterized by a competition between quantum confinement and surface state effects that is fully compatible with the available contradictory experimental data. Finally, we propose a model to explain the band-gap variation with size in TiO2 nanowires, nanocrystals and thin films.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 16, no 20, 9479-9489 p.
Chemical Sciences Physical Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-227587DOI: 10.1039/c3cp54988gISI: 000335818600031OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-227587DiVA: diva2:730409