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Quality of Life in men with abdominal aortic aneurysm
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2014 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Quality of Life in men with abdominal aortic aneurysm (English)
Abstract [en]

Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate if there’s a difference in health related QoL between men with an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and men with a normal aorta, after screening and at 1 year follow-up.

Methods: Within an ongoing prospective population-based case-control study (UpAAA) a total of 197 men with screening detected AAA (≥25 mm) and 48 age matched control subjects with a normal aorta (≤24 mm) completed the QoL-questionnaires EQ-5D and SF-36 after screening and after 1 year.

Results: Between group comparisons at baseline, men with AAA reported lower Physical Function and General Health in SF-36 while the control-group reported more Bodily Pain in both EQ-5D and SF-36. At 1 year follow-up the AAA-group still reported lower Physical Function and the control-group more Bodily Pain. Within group comparisons from EQ-5D showed a lower function in Mobility, Usual activities and Health state in the AAA-group. In SF-36 the AAA-group had a total lower Physical Component Summary (PCS). Men with normal aorta had more problems with Pain/Discomfort, Anxiety/Depression and lower Health state which was also observed in SF-36 where they had scored significant lower in both Physical Component Summary (PCS) and Mental Component Summary (MCS) at 1 year follow-up.

Conclusion: The result from this study indicates no negative effect in health related QoL in men with AAA after screening or after 1 year. The lower means reported in General Health and Physical Function could be explained by the comorbidity in the AAA-group. However, none of the results from the SF-36 scales showed a mean-value under the norms for the age-matched Swedish population. Further research in this area is needed, and a disease-specific health-related quality of life questionnaire may be necessary.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 26 p.
Keyword [en]
Abdominal aortic aneurysm, screening, quality of life
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-227655OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-227655DiVA: diva2:730753
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Freestanding course
Available from: 2014-08-06 Created: 2014-06-30 Last updated: 2014-08-06Bibliographically approved

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