Repopulation of the Swedish countryside: Globalisation by international migration
2014 (English)In: Journal of Rural Studies, ISSN 0743-0167, Vol. 34, 128-138 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Rural areas have often been treated as mono-ethnic and homogeneous areas, as compared to urban areas that are seen as dynamic and mobile areas. Recent discourses in rural studies have been questioning this idea, adding the perspectives that rural areas are constituted by mobilities, actively engaged in globalization processes, and characterized by ethnic diversity. As population decline is a constant threat to many rural areas, international migration flows can contribute to their repopulation and to a dynamic and transnational countryside. The present paper takes a quantitative perspective, thereby adding to the mostly qualitative studies in this field. Through the use of Swedish full-population register data, patterns of international migrants in rural areas are depicted, using a unique definition of rurality. Our study shows that international migration to the countryside reveals a rich diversity in ethnicity and age. Nordic and European middle-aged and elderly migrants have the highest odds of living in the countryside, while South East Asian women are an upcoming group. Migrants in the countryside are more often women, have a Swedish partner, have less education, live in border areas and are short stayers. Female migrants in rural areas also have a higher employment rate than their urban counterparts. The results suggest a variety of migration motives, ranging from quality of life to cross-border and marriage migration, which indicate increased globalization of the countryside. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 34, 128-138 p.
International migrants, Rural areas, Repopulation, Globalization, Multiplicity
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-227899DOI: 10.1016/j.jrurstud.2014.01.005ISI: 000336464500012OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-227899DiVA: diva2:731715