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Democracy and armed conflict
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research. Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5076-0994
2014 (English)In: Journal of Peace Research, ISSN 0022-3433, E-ISSN 1460-3578, Vol. 51, no 2, 159-172 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The article reviews the literature on the relationship between democracy and armed conflict, internal as well as interstate. The review points to several similarities between how democratic institutions affect both conflict types. It summarizes the main empirical findings and discusses the most prominent explanations as well as the most important objections raised to the finding, empirically and theoretically. To a large degree, the empirical finding that pairs of democratic states have a lower risk of interstate conflict than other pairs holds up, as does the conclusion that consolidated democracies have less conflict than semi-democracies. The most critical challenge to both conclusions is the position that both democracy and peace are due to pre-existing socio-economic conditions. I conclude that this objection has considerable leverage, but it also seems clear that economic development is unlikely to bring about lasting peace alone, without the formalization embedded in democratic institutions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Sage Publications, 2014. Vol. 51, no 2, 159-172 p.
Keyword [en]
democracy, development, internal conflict, interstate conflict
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Research subject
Peace and Conflict Research
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-228367DOI: 10.1177/0022343313512852ISI: 000332446800003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-228367DiVA: diva2:733827
Available from: 2014-07-11 Created: 2014-07-11 Last updated: 2015-05-25Bibliographically approved

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Hegre, Håvard
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