uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
The relationship between heating energy and cumulative damage to painted wood in historic churches
Göteborgs universitet. (Spara och bevara)
Gotland University, School of Culture, Energy and Environment. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Department of Art History. Uppsala universitet. (Spara och bevara)
2014 (English)In: Journal of the Institute of Conservation, no 3, 94-109 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Existing research on climate-induced damage needs to be verified by actual observations in authentic environments. This article suggests a complementary method to relate the historic and present indoor climate to damage on painted wooden objects in historic churches. Energy consumption, as revealed by archival sources, is used as a substitute for climate records, on the assumption that higher temperature and therefore lower relative humidity will occur more frequently in churches with greater expenses for fuel. The quantified energy consumption is related to damage of wood and the painted layers of pulpits in 16 churches. There is a slight correlation between damage to the paint on the pulpits and energy released in the churches. However larger populations are needed for this type of enquiry to be further developed and extended. 

Abstract [fr]

« La relation entre l‟énergie calorifique et ses effets cumulés sur les bois peints dans les églises anciennes»

Les recherches actuelles sur les dommages induits par le climat nécessitent d‟être vérifiées par des observations réelles dans des environnements authentiques. Cet article suggère une méthode complémentaire pour lier le climat intérieur, ancien et actuel, aux dommages sur les objets en bois dans les églises historiques. La consommation d‟énergie, telle qu‟elle nous est révélée par les archives, est utilisée comme substitut aux enregistrements climatiques, en supposant qu‟une plus haute température et par conséquent une humidité relative plus basse se produit plus souvent dans les églises lorsqu‟il y a de plus grandes dépenses en fuel. La consommation énergétique quantifiée est reliée aux dégradations du bois et des couches picturales sur les chaires dans seize églises. Il y a une légère corrélation entre les dommages sur les chaires peintes et l‟énergie dégagée dans les églises.

Cependant, un panel plus large est nécessaire pour que ce type d‟étude puisse se développer et s‟élargir davantage. 

Abstract [de]

„Das Verhältnis zwischen Heizungsenergie und kumulierten Schäden an bemaltem Holz in historische Kirchen“

Die existierende Erforschung klimainduzierter Schäden muss von realen Beobachtungen in authentischen Umgebungen bestätigt werden. Dieser Artikel schlägt eine Komplementärmethode vor, die das historische und das jetzige Innenraumklima mit den Schäden an bemalten hölzernen Objekten in historischen Kirchen in Relation setzt. Der Energieverbrauch, wie er in archivischen Quellen dargestellt wird, wird unter der Annahme, dass Kirchen mit höheren Ausgaben für Brennstoffe auch höhere Temperaturen und eine niedrigere Luftfeuchtigkeit aufweisen, als Ersatz für Klimaaufzeichnungen genutzt. Der quantifizierte Energieverbrauch ist verbunden mit Schäden am Holz und den Farbschichten der Kanzeln von sechzehn Kirchen. Es gibt eine geringfügige Verbindung zwischen den Schäden an der Bemalung der Kanzeln und dem Freisetzen von Energie in den Kirchen. Allerdings wird eine größere Grundgesamtheit gebraucht, um diese Art von Forschung weiter zu entwickeln und auszudehnen. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge , 2014. no 3, 94-109 p.
Keyword [en]
Indoor climate history energy use damage painted wood objects churches Sweden
National Category
Other Natural Sciences History of Technology
Research subject
Conservation (HGO); History
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-228419DOI: 10.1080/19455224.2014.939096OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-228419DiVA: diva2:733971
Ett historiskt perspektiv på energieffektivisering i byggnaderKulturarvet och komforten: frågan om lämpligt inomhusklimat i kulturhistoriska byggnader under 1900-talet
Swedish Energy Agency, 34984-1Swedish Research Council, 2009-2375


Charlotta Bylund Melin graduated from The School of Conserva- tion, Academy of Fine Arts in Copenhagen, after which she worked as a stone restorer at the National Heritage Board and later in the Department of Objects and Sculptures Conservation at the National Museum of Fine Arts, both in Stockholm. In 2005 she wrote her Master’s thesis on ‘Artsorb and Prosorb, a Comparison of Two Silica Gels’. Currently, she is a PhD student at the University of Gothenburg, Department of Conservation and is involved in the research project ‘Energy Efficiency in Historic Buildings’ (www. sparaochbevara.se) initiated and monitored by Uppsala University, Campus Gotland and financed by The Swedish Energy Agency (no. 35071-01).

Mattias Legner is Full Professor in Conservation at Uppsala University, Campus Gotland. In recent years he has published extensively on the topics of historical indoor climate and the devel- opment of discourses on management of built cultural heritage. He currently heads two research projects. One is funded by the Swedish Research Council, ‘Cultural Heritage and Comfort: The Issue of Indoor Climate in Historic Buildings in the Twentieth Century’ (no. 2009 – 2375). The second one is funded by the Swedish Energy Agency: ‘A Historical Perspective on Energy Efficiency in Built Environments’ (no. 34984 – 1). 

Available from: 2014-07-14 Created: 2014-07-14 Last updated: 2014-11-27

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full texthttp://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/19455224.2014.939096#.VHc0jb6Ky9M

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Legnér, Mattias
By organisation
School of Culture, Energy and EnvironmentDepartment of Art History
Other Natural SciencesHistory of Technology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 232 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link